The first part of this paper (arXiv:1607.02114) introduced splitting trees, those chronological trees admitting the self-similarity property where individuals give birth, at constant rate, to iid copies of themselves. It also established the intimate relationship between splitting trees and Lévy processes. The chronological trees involved were formalized as Totally Ordered Measured (TOM) trees. The aim of this paper is to continue this line of research in two directions: we first decompose locally compact TOM trees in terms of their prolific skeleton (consisting of its infinite lines of descent). When applied to splitting trees, this implies the construction of the supercritical ones (which are locally compact) in terms of the subcritical ones (which are compact) grafted onto a Yule tree (which corresponds to the prolific skeleton). As a second (related) direction, we study the genealogical tree associated to our chronological construction. This is done through the technology of the height process introduced by Duquesne and Le Gall. In particular we prove a Ray-Knight type theorem which extends the one for (sub)critical Lévy trees to the supercritical case.