Université Paris 6
Pierre et Marie Curie
Université Paris 7
Denis Diderot

CNRS U.M.R. 7599
``Probabilités et Modèles Aléatoires''

Oracle inequalities for inverse problems


Code(s) de Classification MSC:

Résumé: We consider a sequence space model of statistical linear inverse problems where we need to estimate a function $f$ from indirect noisy observations. Let a finite set $\Lambda$ of linear estimators be given. Our aim is to mimic the estimator in $\Lambda$ that has the smallest risk on the true $f$. Under general conditions, we show that this can be achieved by simple minimization of unbiased risk estimator, provided the singular values of the operator of the inverse problem decrease as a power law. The main result is a nonasymptotic oracle inequality that is shown to be asymptotically exact. This inequality can be also used to obtain sharp minimax adaptive results. In particular, we apply it to show that minimax adaptation on ellipsoids in multivariate anisotropic case is realized by minimization of unbiased risk estimator without any loss of efficiency with respect to optimal non-adaptive procedures.

Mots Clés: Statistical inverse problems ; Oracle inequalities ; Adaptive curve estimation ; Model selection ; Exact minimax constants

Date: 2000-06-26

Prépublication numéro: PMA-602

Postscript file : PMA-602.ps