Université Paris 6
Pierre et Marie Curie
Université Paris 7
Denis Diderot

CNRS U.M.R. 7599
``Probabilités et Modèles Aléatoires''

Approximation by quantization of the filter process and applications to optimal stopping problems under partial observation


Code(s) de Classification MSC:

Résumé: We present an approximation method for discrete time nonlinear filtering in view of solving dynamic optimization problems under partial information. The method is based on quantization of the Markov pair process filter-observation $(\Pi,Y)$ and is such that, at each time step $k$ and for a given size $N_k$ of the quantization grid in period $k$, this grid is chosen to minimize a suitable quantization error. The algorithm is based on a stochastic gradient descent combined with Monte-Carlo simulations of $(\Pi,Y)$. Convergence results are given and applications to optimal stopping under partial observation are discussed. Numerical results are presented for a particular stopping problem : American option pricing with unobservable volatility.

Mots Clés: Nonlinear filtering ; Markov chain ; quantization ; stochastic gradient descent ; Monte-Carlo simulations ; partial observation ; optimal stopping

Date: 2004-09-07

Prépublication numéro: PMA-925