Université Paris 6
Pierre et Marie Curie
Université Paris 7
Denis Diderot

CNRS U.M.R. 7599
``Probabilités et Modèles Aléatoires''

Self-attracting Poisson clouds in an expanding universe


Code(s) de Classification MSC:

Résumé: We consider the following elementary model for gravitational clustering in an expanding universe. At the initial time, there is a doubly infinite sequence of particles lying in a one-dimensional universe that is expanding at constant rate. We suppose that each particle $p$ attracts points at a certain rate $c(p)/2$ depending only on $p$, and when two particles, say $p$ and $q$, collide by the effect of attraction, they merge as a single particle $p*q$. The main purpose of this work is to point at the following remarkable property of Poisson clouds in these dynamics. Under certain technical conditions, if at the initial time the system is distributed according to a spatially stationary Poisson cloud with intensity $\mu_0$, then at any time $t>0$, the system will again have a Poissonian distribution, now with intensity $\mu_t$, where the family $(\mu_t, t\geq0)$ solves a generalization of Smoluchowski's coagulation equation.

Mots Clés: Aggregation ; Poisson cloud ; expanding universe ; Smoluchowski's coagulation equation

Date: 2002-02-07

Prépublication numéro: PMA-708